The harbour - ElMina - three kilometers away, hosted what was apparently at one time a Phoenician town of which nothing now remains. ElMina is also known as the "City of Waves and Horizons".
A comprehensive repository of Tripolitan families and expatriates.
Tripoli has long been known for its sweets industry, olive oil-based soap production, and copper crafts.
- Index Tripolis
A project to provide bibliographic information about Tripoli, Lebanon.
A wander around inside Tripoli, Lebanon: A diary of humouristic series of walkabouts "kazdouras".
Useful links and telephone numbers in Tripoli, Lebanon.
Terrain, street, satellite, touristic, urban growth, sailing, and historical maps and aerial imagery of Tripoli, Lebanon.
Daily and weekly news from Tripoli, Lebanon.
- North Lebanon
A guide for towns and villages neighbouring Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Palm Islands
The Palm Islands Park is a unique and integrated natural marine basin in the eastern Mediterranean that was declared as a reserve in 1994.
- Panoramic Views
Interactive panoramic views of Tripoli, Lebanon.
The 'Tripoli e-Discussion Society' is an independently self-controlled body that aims at gathering Tripolitans residing all over the world to discuss issues pertaining to Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Today's Tripoli
Various present aspects of Tripoli, Lebanon
- Tripoli Radio
An Internet Radio that features original on-demand programs about various aspects of Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Tripoli TV
An Internet TV that brings you original on-demand films about various aspects of Tripoli, Lebanon.
A quick reference about Tripoli in the Prehistorical, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Crusade, Mameluke, and Ottoman periods.
The wealth of historical monuments make Tripoli the second largest preserved Mameluke city in the world.
- The Tripoli Quiz
An educational game to test your knowledge about Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Tourist Guide
A comprehensive tourist guide for sightseeing in Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Virtual Museum
A documented history of Tripoli from the 3rd to the 20th centuries with large collections of coins, garments, manuscripts, paintings, old photographs, and many other artifacts.
Bienvenue à Tripoli, Liban
أهلاً بكم في طرابلس لبنان
- Ramadhan / رمضان
The Holy Month of Ramadhan in Tripoli / شهر رمضان المبارك في طرابلس
Information presented in The Tripoli Internet Database/tripoli-city.org web site is protected by copyright law. Unauthorized public reproduction or distribution of material contained in The Tripoli Internet Database/tripoli-city.org web site, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.
- Location: Hadeed district (Halfway between the Mallahah and Tarbi’ah districts)
- Surface area: 450 m2
- Commissioned by: Badr al-Din al-Aattar (one of the wealthy men in Tripoli and a perfumer by
name as well as by profession)
- Architect: Abou Bakr ben alBousays alBaalbaki
- Date of construction: 720 H/1320 CE
- Historical period: Mameluke
- Proprietor: Islamic Awqaf Directorate of Tripoli
Ibn Aybeck Dawadary, the historian, mentioned the Aattar mosque in his book in the chapter describing the events of the year 735 H/ CE 1334. That chapters
lists all constructions made during the period of Sultan Nasser Mohammed Ben Qalawoon. There he said: "The new thing in Tripoli too is a mosque built by prince Shehabeddeen Qartay (May
God have mercy upon him), when he was a Vice Sultan in Tripoli. Another mosque was built by Badereddeen Bin Aattar (May God have mercy upon him) in Tripoli too".
The architect of the mosque (alBaalbaki) left his signature above the western portal. The mosque was renovated and enlarged in year 751 H/1316 CE. The architect in this case was Mohammed ben Ibrahim alMuhandes. The mosque has a third portal at the northern side on top of which stands the minaret. Above this portal are splendid marble decorations, geometrical structures, and beautiful colors.
Entrance Hall: Cross vault ending in a rostte.
Ablution Room: Simple cross-vault.
Prayer Hall (central area between the main and the side entrance): Central high dome.
Prayer Hall: Simple long vault.
|Architectural Features & Decorative Details
Main Portal (eastern side): Higher than the mosque proper; framed by two rows of stone moldings; built of alternate courses of black and light colored well-cut ablaq joggling; above
door fleur-de-lys joggling and a geometric motif in a square plaque of polychrome marble with stone frame; rich and very well built muqarnas under the half dome of the portal.
Western Side Portal: Fish scale motif above door.
Minaret: A square tower of sandstone; two rows of horizontal molding divide it into three parts; star shaped windows occur at irregular intervals. It is the tallest and largest minaret in Mameluke Tripoli.
As in most
Mamluk buildings of Tripoli, the interior stone was not dressed
smooth, since it was originally plastered and white-washed.
Practically, this made the most of window lighting;
architecturally, it showed the influence on the Mamluks of their
Fatimid predecessors, whose roots lay in North Africa, where such
interior styles remain common to this day.
Minbar (or Pulpit): Built in marble structure; richly decorated with fish scale motifs and floral motifs. It dates back to 1350 CE and was designed by Abou Bakr Ibn alBosays.
Signs and Inscriptions: There is one above the door of the main Protal, in the bay of the main portal on the right wall, and on a muqarnas decoration above the lintel of western
|Neigbourhood of the Mosque
Aattar Mosque is situated near Jaweesh Khan and the Egyptian Khan.
In 751 H/ CE 1350, the building of the eastern gate and the marble pulpit of Aattar mosque was brought to completion two years after the death of its owner Badreddeen Aattar.