Last update:
October 31, 2009
Thu AlQe'da 12, 1430

History of Tripoli

The Arab Period (645/646-1109 CE)

Tripoli > History > The Arab Period

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Please send your comments, suggestions, or contributions to: Dr. Ghazi Omar Tadmouri.

Major Events

645/646 CE: Muslim army laid siege to Tripoli. General Sufyan built a fort on Abu Samra hilltop to survey the city; population fled to Cyprus; Tripoli captured and resettled with Persians and Jewish population.

646-1070 CE: Tripoli subject to Byzantine incursions during the Ummayad, Abassid and Fatimid rule aimed at the control of the coastal road.

1070-1109 CE: Tripoli politically independent from the Fatimids under the Banu Ammar emirs, who built the famous Dar Al-Ilm (a library that contained around 3,000,000 manuscripts). Click here to listen to an Arabic real audio recording about Dar Al-Ilm.



Legal Status

Within the juridiction of the military province of Damascus (Jund Dimashk).


Economy and Dominant Function

Tripoli gained in importance as a trading centre for the whole Mediterranean after it was inhabited by the Arabs. Tripoli was the port city of Damascus; second military port of the Arab navy after Alexandria; prosperous commercial and shipbuilding center; wealthy principality under the Banu Ammar emirs.


A coin issued in Tripoli during the Fatimid Period.

Population

20,000 (as estimated by Nasir-i-Khusrau in 1047).

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