Last update:
October 31, 2009
Thu AlQe'da 12, 1430

History of Tripoli

The Arab Period (645/646-1109 CE)

Tripoli > History > The Arab Period

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Information presented in The Tripoli Internet Database/ web site is protected by copyright law. Unauthorized public reproduction or distribution of material contained in The Tripoli Internet Database/ web site, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.

Contact Us

Please send your comments, suggestions, or contributions to: Dr. Ghazi Omar Tadmouri.

Major Events

645/646 CE: Muslim army laid siege to Tripoli. General Sufyan built a fort on Abu Samra hilltop to survey the city; population fled to Cyprus; Tripoli captured and resettled with Persians and Jewish population.

646-1070 CE: Tripoli subject to Byzantine incursions during the Ummayad, Abassid and Fatimid rule aimed at the control of the coastal road.

1070-1109 CE: Tripoli politically independent from the Fatimids under the Banu Ammar emirs, who built the famous Dar Al-Ilm (a library that contained around 3,000,000 manuscripts). Click here to listen to an Arabic real audio recording about Dar Al-Ilm.

Legal Status

Within the juridiction of the military province of Damascus (Jund Dimashk).

Economy and Dominant Function

Tripoli gained in importance as a trading centre for the whole Mediterranean after it was inhabited by the Arabs. Tripoli was the port city of Damascus; second military port of the Arab navy after Alexandria; prosperous commercial and shipbuilding center; wealthy principality under the Banu Ammar emirs.

A coin issued in Tripoli during the Fatimid Period.


20,000 (as estimated by Nasir-i-Khusrau in 1047).


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