Last update:
October 31, 2009
Thu AlQe'da 12, 1430

History of Tripoli

The Crusader Period (1109-1289 CE)

Tripoli > History > The Crusader Period

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Please send your comments, suggestions, or contributions to: Dr. Ghazi Omar Tadmouri.

Major Events

1099 CE: Beginning of a ten years siege of Tripoli by Raymond of Saint-Gilles, count of Toulouse (d. 1105 prior to the ending of the siege).

1103 CE: Beginning of the construction of the Citadel.

1109 CE: Fall of Tripoli to the Crusaders and its rebuilding over Muslim town.

1268 CE: The castle and the Crusaders burg occupied and destroyed by Baibars.

1289 CE: Fall of Crusader Tripoli (harbor city or El-Mina) to Sultan al-Mansur Qalawun.

Legal Status

Chief town of the county of Tripoli (Latin state of the Levant) extending from Jubayl to Latakia and including the Plain of Akkar with the famous Krak des Chevaliers; also the seat of a bishopric.

Some of the coins issued in Tripoli in the Crusaders period.

Economy and Dominant Function

Busy port and major center of silk weaving, with as many as 4,000 looms; an important producer of lemons, oranges, and sugar cane.


It is curious to reflect that for 180 years, during the Frankish occupation, Langue d'Oc, the language of Provence, was spoken in Tripoli and a neighbouring village, owing to the influence of a number of Provencal nobles and courtiers who came here. At that time, Tripoli had a heterogeneous popualtion including Western Europeans, Greeks, Armenians, Maronites, Nestorians, Jews, and Muslims.

City Size and Urban Growth

Growth of the inland settlement surrounding "Pilgrim's Mountain" (the Citadel) into a built-up suburb including the main religious monuments of the city.

Major Buildings


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