The harbour - ElMina - three kilometers away, hosted what was apparently at one time a Phoenician town of which nothing now remains. ElMina is also known as the "City of Waves and Horizons".
A comprehensive repository of Tripolitan families and expatriates.
Tripoli has long been known for its sweets industry, olive oil-based soap production, and copper crafts.
- Index Tripolis
A project to provide bibliographic information about Tripoli, Lebanon.
A wander around inside Tripoli, Lebanon: A diary of humouristic series of walkabouts "kazdouras".
Useful links and telephone numbers in Tripoli, Lebanon.
Terrain, street, satellite, touristic, urban growth, sailing, and historical maps and aerial imagery of Tripoli, Lebanon.
Daily and weekly news from Tripoli, Lebanon.
- North Lebanon
A guide for towns and villages neighbouring Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Palm Islands
The Palm Islands Park is a unique and integrated natural marine basin in the eastern Mediterranean that was declared as a reserve in 1994.
- Panoramic Views
Interactive panoramic views of Tripoli, Lebanon.
The 'Tripoli e-Discussion Society' is an independently self-controlled body that aims at gathering Tripolitans residing all over the world to discuss issues pertaining to Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Today's Tripoli
Various present aspects of Tripoli, Lebanon
- Tripoli Radio
An Internet Radio that features original on-demand programs about various aspects of Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Tripoli TV
An Internet TV that brings you original on-demand films about various aspects of Tripoli, Lebanon.
A quick reference about Tripoli in the Prehistorical, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Crusade, Mameluke, and Ottoman periods.
The wealth of historical monuments make Tripoli the second largest preserved Mameluke city in the world.
- The Tripoli Quiz
An educational game to test your knowledge about Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Tourist Guide
A comprehensive tourist guide for sightseeing in Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Virtual Museum
A documented history of Tripoli from the 3rd to the 20th centuries with large collections of coins, garments, manuscripts, paintings, old photographs, and many other artifacts.
Bienvenue à Tripoli, Liban
أهلاً بكم في طرابلس لبنان
- Ramadhan / رمضان
The Holy Month of Ramadhan in Tripoli / شهر رمضان المبارك في طرابلس
Information presented in The Tripoli Internet Database/tripoli-city.org web site is protected by copyright law. Unauthorized public reproduction or distribution of material contained in The Tripoli Internet Database/tripoli-city.org web site, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.
- Location: The Nouri district
- Surface area: ~3,000 m2
- Commissioned by: Sultan Ashraf Khalil Bin Qalawoon
- Historical Period: Mameluke
- Architect: Salem Ben Nasser din Sahyouni
- Architect of porticoes: Ahmed Ben Hassan Baalbaki (715 H/1315 CE)
- Porticoes commissioned by: Sultan AlNasser Mohammed Ben Qalawoon
- Architect of pulpit: Baktawan Ben Abdullah AlShihabi (726 H/1326 CE)
- Pulpit commissioned by: Prince Shehabeddeen Qaratay
- Proprietor: Islamic Awqaf Directorate of Tripoli
In 693 H/1294 CE, the Mansouri Great Mosque was built in AlNouri District by the order of the Mameluke Sultan AlAshraf Khalil Bin Qalawoon to the architect Salem Sahyouni Ben Nassereddeen Aajami. The Sultan also commissioned the construction of a small defensive tower next to the western gate of the mosque to protect it. The porticoes of the mosque where built by Ahmed Ben Hassan Baalbaki. The final surface area of the mosque became almost 3000 meters square. Both, Aajami and Baalbaki were affected by the Shamieh School of based characterized by a huge, but simple, architecture.
In 715 H/1315 CE, the lobbies of the Mansouri Great Mosque yard were built by the order of Sultan Nasser Mohammed Ben Qalawoon. In 726 H/ CE 1326, the wooden pulpit (Minbar) of the Mansouri Great Mosque, was made by the order of Prince Qartay. Click here to listen to an Arabic real audio recording about the Athar AlShareef of Prophet Mohammad (S.A.A.W.S.) present in the Mansouri Great Mosque.
Small dome over mihrab area; simple cross vaults over remaining areas.
Riwaqs (north, east, and west sides of court):
|Architectural Features and Decorative Details
Rectangular door set in a portal of successive arches of alternating plain and zigzag carved stone moldings, resting on two slender colonettes of white marble and four narrow wall segments;
preceded by an Arab cross-vaulted entryway; quaterfoil rosettes in relief decorate inner side of arched entryway behind main entrance.
Four floors topped by a balcony; octagonal shaft with balcony and conical dome added in recent years; first floor has no openings; second floor has two arched windows with central column on
each of its four sides; third and fourth have floors have three arched windows on the south and north and two on the east and west.
Its large courtyard is surrounded by porticos and a domed and vaulted prayer hall.
One located at center of Qiblah wall with a rosette set above it; Another smaller mihrab to the left of the main one.
Wooden chair entirely covered with geometric carving
Additional Architectural Characteristics
The Mansouri Great Mosque is considered as the largest mosque of Tripoli and Lebanon as well. It is considered as the basic axis of the Mameluke Tripoli plan of architecture. The main gate of the Mansouri great mosque, is decorated in a Kouti fashion holding on the
inside an arc of decorations of stars and successive flowers which are present also in the round piece over the Mihrab of the mosque. Around the mosques, there are markets where valuable
articles like: gold, silver, jewels, perfumes, spices, incenses, books, rose and flower waters, chaplets, paper threads, ropes and many other things that don't harm the sense of smell and sight
and don't cause noise that disrupts the prayers. That's why the jewelry market was built near the northern main gate of the mosque. At the same time, and at the eastern side of the mosque, the
perfumers market, to which two other gates of the mosque can be opened, was built. The fourth gate, however, opens to the west, where the nice smell of orange and lemon flowers of nearby
orchards fills the place. Not far away from the mosque, stands the Nouri bath.
|Signs and Inscriptions
The many foundation plaques and decrees inscribed in the great Mosque and its surrounding madrassas not only inform us about the building but reveal details of the daily life of the Mameluke period.
There are two external inscriptions; the first is set on the lintel of the main entrance to the mosque. The second is set in the eastern wall of the arcade around the courtyard. One
other inscription is on a secondary mihrab to the left of the axial mihrab on the qiblah side of the buiding. The minbar has a fourth inscription.
|Neigbourhood of the Mosque
Just before the end of the 7th H century/ CE 13th century, the Shafii judge of Tripoli, Ahmed Ben Abi Backer Ben Mansour Ben Attieh Eskandari, also called as Shamseddeen, built a school next to
the main gate of the Mansouri great mosque, and built on it a dwelling for him. Building of the school and the house was along with the construction of Mansouri great mosque. The historian
Shamseddeen Zahabi, stayed at the house during his journey to Tripoli for learning (after 697 H/ CE 1289). When the judge died, he was buried in it (707 H/ CE 1307). The school is still known
as the Shamsieh school, referring to him.
In 716 H/ CE 1316, Prince Katlobeck Mansouri, the brother in law of Asandamor Kourji, died, and his wife Hossen built a school over his grave near the Mansouri great mosque. This school is
known till now as Khairieh Hossen school. In the sculptured statements on the school's gate, many constructions inside and outside Tripoli are mentioned. Of these are: a soap workshop
(Masbanah), an oil-mill on top of which a dwelling block exists, Dawoodieh grinder, Sandamoorieh grinder (at Kfer Kahel village), Asandamor market inside Tripoli, an abbey in Asnon land, an
olive store-house, a hall, a house near the school, the Jadidah grinder at Aardat, an olive field in Btirram, a house and a store in the Crusaders Kisaria inside Tripoli.
The northern facade of the Mansouri Great Mosque.
The Mihrab and the Pulpit of the Mansouri Great Mosque.
Oil painting showing Mekka on the portal of the Pulpit at the Mansouri Great Mosque (Ottoman Period).
The Athar alShareef of Prophet Mohammed (S.A.A.W.S.): A hair of the beard of Prophet Mohammed (S.A.A.W.S.) gifted to Tripoli by Sultan AbdulHamid the 2nd in 1309 H.
The Northern Gate of the Mansouri Great Mosque.
An inscritpion on the walls of the porticoes at the Mansouri Great Mosque.