The harbour - ElMina - three kilometers away, hosted what was apparently at one time a Phoenician town of which nothing now remains. ElMina is also known as the "City of Waves and Horizons".
A repository of Tripolitan families and expatriates.
Tripoli has long been known for its sweets industry, olive oil-based soap production, and copper crafts.
- Index Tripolis
Index Tripolis is a project to provide bibliographic information about Tripoli, Lebanon.
A wander around inside Tripoli, Lebanon: A diary of humouristic series of walkabouts "kazdouras".
Useful links and telephone numbers in Tripoli, Lebanon.
Terrain, street, satellite, touristic, urban growth, sailing, and historical maps and aerial imagery of Tripoli, Lebanon.
Daily and weekly news from Tripoli, Lebanon.
- North Lebanon
A guide for towns and villages neighbouring Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Palm Islands
The Palm islands park is a unique and integrated natural marine basin in the eastern Mediterranean that was declared as a reserve in 1994.
- Panoramic Views
Interactive panoramic views of Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Tripoli e-Discussion Society
The 'Tripoli e-Discussion Society' is an independently self-controlled body that aims at gathering Tripolitans residing all over the world to discuss issues pertaining to Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Today's Tripoli
Present aspects of Tripoli, Lebanon
- Tripoli Radio
Tripoli Internet Radio features original on-demand programs about different aspects of Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Tripoli TV
Tripoli Internet TV brings you the latest video clips related to Tripoli and features original on-demand films about different aspects of Tripoli, Lebanon.
A quick reference about Tripoli in the Prehistorical, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Crusades, Mameluke, and Ottoman periods.
The wealth of historical monuments make Tripoli the second largest preserved Mameluke city in the world.
- The Tripoli Quiz
An educational game to test your knowledge on the present and history of Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Tourist Guide
A comprehensive tourist guide for sightseeing in the historical districts of Tripoli, Lebanon.
- Virtual Museum
A documented history of Tripoli from the 3rd to the 20th centuries with large collections of coins, garments, manuscripts, paintings, old photographs, and many other artifacts.
Bienvenue à Tripoli, Liban
أهلاً بكم في طرابلس لبنان
- Ramadhan / رمضان
The Holy Month of Ramadhan in Tripoli / شهر رمضان المبارك في طرابلس
Information presented in The Tripoli Internet Database/tripoli-city.org web site is protected by copyright law. Unauthorized public reproduction or distribution of material contained in The Tripoli Internet Database/tripoli-city.org web site, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.
1516 CE: Syria and Egypt fell to the Ottoman Sultan Selim I.
1535 CE: Signature of treaty by Suleiman the Magnificient and Francois I, king of France, giving France favors and privileges in the Levant.
1612 CE: Flood destroyed Mamluk monuments.
1623 CE: Fakhr-ed-Din attacked the forces of Pasha of Tripoli at Anjar; Tripoli fell to Fakhr-ed-Din, (Sultan al-Barr or Sultan of the Land).
Provincial capital and chief town of an Ottoman pashalik (or vilayet) encompassing the coastal territory from Jubayl to tarsus and the inland Syrian towns of Homs
and Hama; the two other vilayets are Aleppo, and Damascus. Click here to listen to an
Arabic real audio recording about the historical relationships between the Ottomans and
inhabitants of Tripoli city.
|Economy and Dominant Function
Until 1612 Tripoli considered as the port of Aleppo; also depended on Syrian interior trade and tax collection from mountaneous hinterland; strong presence of
French Merchants during the 17th and 18th centuries; intense inter-European competition for trade.
|Infrastructure and Public Works
Citadel of Tripoli restored by Suleiman II, the Magnificient; later governors brought further modifications to the original Crusader structure used as garrison
center and prison.
|Urban Form and Functional Structure
Khan AlSaboun (originally a military barrack) is located in the center of the city to control any uprising; development of the southern entrance of the city
(AlMuallaq Mosque and Hammam AlJadid).
|The World's First Recorded Informed Medical Consent
Even though a fair amount is known about the codes of medical ethics and practice and the physician-patient relationship in ancient civilizations, there is little evidence that the formalized practice of legally binding informed medical consent existed before the late 19th century.
A documented case of legal informed medical consent, which is dated 12 Shaban 1088/Nov 10, 1677, described the extraction of hernia of the Christian Ya'qub son of Ghanem, by the Christian Nicholas, son of Yanni: "The reason why this document had been written down is that the Christian Ya'qub, son of Ghanem, the Monk in Balamand Monastery, Koura Sub-district, province of Tripoli, presented himself at the Holy Shari'a Council of Tripoli and hired and engaged the Christian surgeon Nicholas, son of Yanni, to extract his (Ya'qub's) hernia on the right side in return for a fee of 10 piasters. After the hired has undertaken to extract the hirer's hernia and treat it with ointments, the aforementioned hirer asked people to duly and legally bear witness that if the hirer died as a result of fate and Allah's divine decree because of his being treated by the hired, the latter shall not be held as guarantor for him; and the hirer has also relieved the hired from any responsibility for his death and blood money, and that the hirer or his heir after him shall not be entitled to any related claims made against the aforesaid surgeon. Effected and written down on thetwelfth day of the holy month of Sha'ban of the year 1088.
Witnesses: Mawlana Sheikh Mustafa - may his grace be augmented. Mawlana Sheikh Mohammed, scriber of the original copy. Mohammed Shalabi, Interpreter. Hussein Buluk Bashi. Haj Ramadan, Chief Court Usher."
The document, which was recorded during the Ottoman Empire, attests to the established practice of legal contracts between physician and patient, which were drawn up and signed in the presence of witnesses. It is interesting to note that the contract was not limited to the surgical procedure, but also included postoperative treatment and physician fees.
Reference: AlHumsi NS. History of Tripoli Through the Shari'a Court Documents in the Second Half of the Seventeenth Century. Beirut (Lebanon): Al-Rissalah Foundation/Dar Al-Iman; 1986. p. 289.
|Building Types and Major Buildings
AlMuallaq (hanging) Mosque (1559).
AlTahhan Mosque (early 17th century).
AlTawbah Mosque (Mamluk construction, destroyed by 1612 flood and restored during early Ottoman Period).
Khan AlSaboun (early 17th century).
Hammam AlJadid (1740).